Health Diseases

Hospitals For Hepatology

About Hepatology

Hepatology is the branch of medicine that incorporates the study of liver, gallbladder, biliary tree, and pancreas as well as management of their disorders. Although traditionally considered a sub-specialty of gastroenterology, rapid expansion has led in some countries to doctors specializing solely on this area, who are called hepatologists.

Diseases and complications related to viral hepatitis and alcohol are the main reason for seeking specialist advice. More than 2 billion people have been infected with Hepatitis B virus at some point in their life, and approximately 350 million have become persistent carriers. Up to 80% of liver cancers can be attributed to either hepatitis B or Hepatitis C virus. In terms of mortality, the former is second only to smoking among known agents causing cancer. With more widespread implementation of vaccination and strict screening before blood transfusion, lower infection rates are expected in the future. In many countries, though, overall alcohol consumption is increasing, and consequently the number of people with cirrhosis and other related complications is commensurately increasing.[citation needed]
Dr. B Blumberg, Awarded Nobel prize 1976 for discovery of Hepatitis B virus

Evidence from autopsies on Egyptian mummies suggest that liver damage from parasitic infection Bilharziasis was widespread in the ancient society] It is possible that the Greeks may have been aware of the liver's ability to exponentially duplicate as illustrated by the story of Prometheus. However, knowledge about liver disease in antiquity is questionable. Most of the important advances in the field have been made in the last 50 years.

In 400 BC Hippocrates mentioned liver abscess in Aphorisms.
Roman anatomist Galen thought the liver was the principal organ of the body. He also identified its relationship with the gallbladder and spleen.
Around 100CE Areteus of cappadoca wrote on jaundice
In medieval period Avicenna noted the importance of urine in diagnosing liver conditions.
1770 French anatomist Antoine Portal noted bleeding due to oesophageal varices,
1844 Gabriel Valentin showed pancreatic juices break down food in digestion
1846 Justus Von Leibig discovered pancreatic juice tyrosine
1862 Austin Flint described the production of "stercorin".
1875 Victor Charles Hanot described cirrhotic jaundice and other diseases of liver
In 1958, Moore developed a standard technique for canine orthotopic liver transplantation.
The first human liver transplant was performed in 1963 by Dr. Thomas E. Starzl on a 3-year-old male afflicted with biliary atresia after perfecting the technique on canine livers.,
Baruch S. Blumberg discovered Hepatitis B virus in 1966 and developed first vaccine against it 1969. He was awarded the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1976]
In 1989, investigators from the CDC (Daniel Bradley) and Chiron (Michael Houghton) identified the hepatitis C virus, which had previously been known as non-A, non-B hepatitis and could not be detected in the blood supply.
Only in 1992 was a blood test created that could detect hepatitis C in donated blood.

Hospitals Near Orlando City
Adolescent Medicine,Allergy & Immun
92 W Miller St Orlando, FL 32806,Orlando
Adolescent Medicine,Allergy & Immun
201 N Park Ave Apopka, FL 32703,Orlando
Adolescent Medicine,Allergy & Immun
52 W Underwood St Orlando, FL 32806,Orlando
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