Biphoo!
Travels

United States Naval Base, Pearl Harbor

Not Display
187 Views
850 Ticonderoga St, Pearl Harbor, HI 96860, United States
Pearl Harbor , Hawaii

Pearl Harbor is a lagoon harbor on the island of Oahu, Hawaii, west of Honolulu. Much of the harbor and surrounding lands is a United States Navy deep-water naval base. It is also the headquarters of the United States Pacific Fleet. The attack on Pearl Harbor by the Empire of Japan on Sunday, December 7, 1941 brought the United States into World War II.

History

Pearl Harbor was originally an extensive deep embayment called Wai Nomi (meaning, “pearl water”) or PuÊ»uloa (meaning, “long hill”) by the Hawaiians. PuÊ»uloa was regarded as the neighbor of the dolphin god, KaÊ»ahupahau, and his brother (or father), Kahiuka, in Hawaiian legends. According to tradition, Keaunui, the head of the powerful Ewu chiefs, is credited with cutting a navigable channel near the present PuÊ»uloa saltworks, by which he made the estuary, known as "Pearl Lake," accessible to navigation. Making due allowance for legendary amplification, the estuary already had an outlet for its waters where the present gap is; but Keaunui is typically given the credit for widening and deepening it.

19th century

During the early 19th century, Pearl Harbor was not used for large ships due to its shallow entrance. The interest of United States in the Hawaiian Islands followed its whaling and trading ships in the Pacific. As early as 1820, an "Agent of the United States for Commerce and Seamen" was appointed to look after American business in the Port of Honolulu. These commercial ties to the American continent were accompanied by the work of the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions. American missionaries and their families became an integral part of the Hawaiian political body.

Throughout the 1820s and 1830s, many American warships visited Honolulu. In most cases, the commanding officers carried letters from the U.S. Government giving advice on governmental affairs and of the relations of the island nation with foreign powers. In 1841, the newspaper Polynesian, printed in Honolulu, advocated that the U.S. establish a naval base in Hawaii for protection of American citizens engaged in the whaling industry. The British Hawaiian Minister of Foreign Affairs Robert Crichton Wyllie, remarked in 1840 that "... my opinion is that the tide of events rushes on to annexation to the United States."

From the conclusion of the Civil War, to the purchase of Alaska, the increased importance of the Pacific states, the projected trade with the Orient, and the desire for a duty-free market for Hawaiian staples, Hawaiian trade expanded. In 1865, the North Pacific Squadron was formed to embrace the western coast and Hawaii. Lackawanna in the following year was assigned to cruise among the islands, "a locality of great and increasing interest and importance." This vessel surveyed the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands toward Japan. As a result the United States claimed Midway Island. The Secretary of the Navy was able to write in his annual report of 1868, that in November 1867, 42 American flags flew over whaleships and merchant vessels in Honolulu to only six of other nations. This increased activity caused the permanent assignment of at least one warship to Hawaiian waters. It also praised Midway Island as possessing a harbor surpassing Honolulu's. In the following year, Congress approved an appropriation of $50,000 on March 1, 1869, to deepen the approaches to this harbor.

Naval presence (1899–present)

Following the overthrow of the Hawaiian Kingdom, the United States Navy established a base on the island in 1899. In 1941, the base was attacked by the Japanese military, causing the American entry into World War II. Over the years, Pearl Harbor remained a main base for the US Pacific Fleet after World War II along with Naval Base San Diego. In 2010, the Navy and the Air Force merged their two nearby bases; Pearl Harbor joined with Hickam Air Force Base to create Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam.

Not Display
187 Views
Other Attractions
Salinas Pueblo Missions Na..
The Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument Is Located In The U.S. State Of New Mexico..
Petroglyph National Monume..
Petroglyph National Monument Stretches 17 Miles Along Albuquerque, New Mexico's West Me..
Fort Union National Monume..
Fort Union National Monument Is A Unit Of The National Park Service Located North Of Wat..
Chaco Culture National His..
Chaco Culture National Historical Park Is A United States National Historical Park Hosti..
Aztec Ruins National Monum..
The Aztec Ruins National Monument Preserves Ancestral Pueblo Structures In North-western..
White Sands V-2 Launching ..
White Sands V-2 Launching Site is the White Sands Missile Range site
Share the joy
Recent Articles
5 Reasons Why All Inclusive Beach Vacations Are So Popular All Inclusive Beach Vacations, Tourist ..
Affordable And Best Vacation Packages AmericaFor Families, Best America Travel VacationPackages,..
Central America runs from Mexico to South America and is made up of seven
If you are travelling across South America and you are in either Rio de Janeiro or Sao Paulo.
Ancient History, Mind-boggling Landscapes, And Several Wonders Of The World, South America Is A Tr..
During Your Summer Vacation In India, You Can Indulge In A Large Number Of Activities. You Can Rel..