Biphoo!
Travels

Village of Columbus and Camp Furlong

Not Display
878 Views
Columbus, NM 88029, United States
Luna , New Mexico

Village of Columbus and Camp Furlong is an historic district that includes portions of what is now the town of Columbus, New Mexico, Pancho Villa State Park, and an airfield, all in Columbus, New Mexico. It was the site of a raid led by Pancho Villa in 1916 that had wide impacts.

The Village of Columbus and Camp Furlong historic district was declared a National Historic Landmark in 1975.

Pancho Villa State Park

At Pancho Villa State Park, several buildings remain from the time of Villa’s 1916 raid, and are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. These include the 1902 U.S. Customs House, two adobe structures dating from the Camp Furlong-era, and the Camp Furlong Recreation Hall. The old Customs House is now the State Park visitor center, with exhibits describing the histories of Pancho Villa, the Columbus raid of 1916, and Pershing's Punitive Expedition.

History

On March 9, 1916 Camp Furlong was the headquarters of the 13th U.S. Cavalry under command of Colonel H. J. Slocum. The 13th Cavalry was stretched along the border on outpost duty from Noria to Hermanas on the El Paso and Southwestern Railroad. At least three troops were present during the raid on Columbus by Pancho Villa's irregulars. The hero of the day was Lt. Lucas of the machine gun troop, who while barefoot, set up machine guns in the main area of the town and directed heavy fire against the raiders. His actions inflicted numerous casualties on Villa's Forces and caused them to retreat back into Mexico.

Almost overnight the camp became a large military installation for protection from other raids and in preparation for a punitive expedition into Mexico to be led by General John J. Pershing. First on the scene were elements of the New Mexico National Guard. Various regular units then arrived to provide support to the troops in Mexico. Columbus had the distinction of having the first tactical military airfield in the United States. A squadron of JN4 Curtis Jennie biplanes provided aerial observation for the expedition, although most of the aircraft were lost to crashes in the rugged Mexican mountains. Camp Furlong also had supply facilities and repair yards for the early motor trucks used in Mexico. At its peak the camp was headquarters for more than 5,000 troops.

Following the withdrawal of the Punitive Expedition, the 24th Infantry Regiment was headquartered at the post. They were called in the summer of 1919 to assist in chasing Pancho Villas troops out of Ciudad Juarez. With the conclusion of the Mexican Revolution, the post lost its importance and only 100 men were garrisoned there in 1921. All troops in the area were gone by 1923.

Not Display
878 Views
Other Attractions
Salinas Pueblo Missions Na..
The Salinas Pueblo Missions National Monument Is Located In The U.S. State Of New Mexico..
Petroglyph National Monume..
Petroglyph National Monument Stretches 17 Miles Along Albuquerque, New Mexico's West Me..
Fort Union National Monume..
Fort Union National Monument Is A Unit Of The National Park Service Located North Of Wat..
Chaco Culture National His..
Chaco Culture National Historical Park Is A United States National Historical Park Hosti..
Aztec Ruins National Monum..
The Aztec Ruins National Monument Preserves Ancestral Pueblo Structures In North-western..
White Sands V-2 Launching ..
White Sands V-2 Launching Site is the White Sands Missile Range site
Share the joy
Recent Articles
5 Reasons Why All Inclusive Beach Vacations Are So Popular All Inclusive Beach Vacations, Tourist ..
Affordable And Best Vacation Packages America For Families, Best America Travel Vacation Packages,..
Central America runs from Mexico to South America and is made up of seven
If you are travelling across South America and you are in either Rio de Janeiro or Sao Paulo.
Ancient History, Mind-boggling Landscapes, And Several Wonders Of The World, South America Is A Tr..
During Your Summer Vacation In India, You Can Indulge In A Large Number Of Activities. You Can Rel..