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Frank Robinson

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Frank Robinson

Born : 31 August 1935
City : Beaumont, Texas, United States
Rank : ( 1135 )
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Frank Robinson Biography

Robinson, Frank, 1935–, American baseball player and manager, b. Beaumont, Tex. Entering major-league baseball as an outfielder for the Cincinnati Reds, Robinson was named the National League's rookie of the year in 1956 and most valuable player (MVP) in 1961. Traded to the American League's Baltimore Orioles in 1965, he won the batting triple crown and the MVP award in 1966, becoming the first player ever to be voted MVP in both leagues. After stints with the Los Angeles Dodgers (1972) and California Angels (1973–74), he played (1974–76) for the Cleveland Indians, where he also became (1975–77) the first African-American manager in major-league history. Robinson subsequently managed the San Francisco Giants (1981–84) and Orioles (1988–91) and was manager of the year in 1982 and 1989. From 1991 to 1994 he was assistant general manager with the Orioles. He became director of baseball operations for the Arizona Fall League and consultant to the commissioner for special projects in major-league baseball's central office in 1997 and vice president for on-field operations in 2000. From 2002 to 2006 he was manager of the Montreal Expos, who moved to Washington, D.C., and became the Nationals after 2004.

Early life

Robinson attended McClymonds High School in Oakland, California, where he was a basketball teammate of Bill Russell.While playing for the Reds in the late 1950s, he attended Xavier University in Cincinnati during the off-season.

Playing career

Robinson had a long and successful playing career. Unusual for a star in the era before free agency, he split his best years between two teams: the Cincinnati Reds (1956–1965) and the Baltimore Orioles (1966–1971). The later years of his career were spent with the Los Angeles Dodgers (1972), California Angels (1973–1974) and Cleveland Indians (1974–1976). He is the only player to be named Most Valuable Player in both leagues, in 1961 with the Reds and again in 1966 with the Orioles.

Managing career

Robinson managed in the winter leagues late in his playing career. By the early 1970s, he had his heart set on becoming the first black manager in the majors. In fact, the Angels traded him to the Cleveland Indians midway through the 1974 season due to his open campaigning for the manager's job.

In 1975, the Indians named him player-manager, giving him distinction of being the first black manager in the Majors. In his first at bat as player/manager of the Indians, he homered at Cleveland Stadium off Yankees pitcher Doc Medich.

Post-managerial career
Robinson in January 2014

Robinson first served in the MLB front office as Vice President of On-Field Operations from 1999-2002, responsible for player discipline, uniform policy, stadium configuration, and other on-field issues.

Robinson served as an analyst for ESPN during 2007 Spring Training.The Nationals offered to honor Robinson during a May 20 game against his former club the Baltimore Orioles but he refused.

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