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New Lancia Automobiles

Release Date
:
Not Available
Max power
:
118 Kw (160 Hp)
Top speed
:
196 km/h
Carbody
:
Not Available
€ 52.750 €
0/0
Release Date
:
Not Available
Max power
:
58 Kw (79 Hp)
Top speed
:
189 km/h
Carbody
:
Mpv
€ 23.095 €
0/0
Release Date
:
2002
Max power
:
136 Kw (185 Hp)
Top speed
:
224 km/h
Carbody
:
Sedan
€ 60.845 €
0/0
Release Date
:
2015
Max power
:
59 Kw (80 Hp)
Top speed
:
167 km/h
Carbody
:
Hatchback
€ 15.735
0/0
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About Lancia

Lancia

Foundation and early years
Lancia was founded on 29 November 1906 in Turin by Fiat racing drivers Vincenzo Lancia (1881-1937) and his friend Claudio Fogolin (1872-1945) as Lancia & C. The first Lancia automobile the "tipo 51" or 12 HP (later called Alfa) was produced in 1907-1908. It had a small four-cylinder engine with a power of 28 hp.[3] In 1915 the Jota, Lancia's first truck, appeared and there followed a series of Jota trucks. In 1937 Vincenzo died of a heart attack, and his wife Adele Miglietti Lancia and his son Gianni Lancia took over the firm. They persuaded Vittorio Jano to join Lancia as an engineer. Jano had already made a name for himself by constructing various Alfa Romeos including the 6C, P2 and P3, some of the most successful racers of its time.

Lancia is famous for many automotive innovations. These include the 1913 Theta, which was the first production car in Europe to feature a complete electrical system as standard equipment.[4] The first car with a monocoque-type body – the Lambda, produced from 1922 to 1931 also featured 'Sliding Pillar' independent front suspension that incorporated the spring and hydraulic damper into a single unit (and featured on most production Lancias until the Appia was replaced in 1963). 1948 saw the first 5 speed gearbox to be fitted to a production car (Series 3 Ardea). Lancia premiered the first full-production V6 engine, in the 1950 Aurelia,[5] after earlier industry-leading experiments with V8 and V12 engine configurations. It was also the first company to produce a V4 engine. Also, Lancia pioneered the use of independent suspension in production cars, in an era where live axles were common practice for both the front and rear axles of a car. They also developed rear transaxles which were fitted to the Aurelia and Flaminia ranges. The innovativeness, constant quest for excellence, the fixation of quality, the complication of the construction processes and the antiqued machinery meant that all cars essentially had to be hand-made. With little commonality between the various models, the cost of production continued to increase extensively, while demand did not.[citation needed]

1969 to present
Fiat launched a take-over bid in October 1969 which was accepted by Lancia as the company was losing significant sums of money, with losses in 1969 being GB�20m.[6] This was not the end of the distinctive Lancia marque, and new models in the 1970s such as the Stratos, Gamma and Beta served to prove that Fiat wished to preserve the image of the brand it had acquired.

Durign the 1970s and 1980s, Lancia had great success in rallying, winning many World Rally Championships.

During the 1980s, the company cooperated with Saab Automobile, with the Lancia Delta being sold as the Saab 600 in Sweden. The 1985 Lancia Thema also shared a platform with the Saab 9000, Fiat Croma and the Alfa Romeo 164. During the 1990s, all models were closely related to other Fiat models.

In 2011, Lancia moved in a new direction and added new models manufactured by Chrysler and sold under the Lancia badge in many European markets. Conversely, some Lancia built models began to be sold in right-hand drive markets under the Chrysler badge.

Logo
The original Lancia logo was designed by Count Carlo Biscaretti di Ruffia. The logo shows a lance and shield with flag. ("Lancia" means "lance" in Italian.) The Turin automobile museum is named after di Ruffia as Museo Nazionale dell'Automobile “Carlo Biscaretti di Ruffia”. The logo was redesigned in 2007.

Lancia family
Cavalier Giuseppe Lancia' (1860 (Cuneo) - 1919(Bordighera)) is an Italian businessman and father of Vincenzo Lancia. When he was sixteen he started a business with food in Italy. Later for few years he made relationships with South America and he created a food industry in Argentina. His good steps and innovations made a great success in his company. His company was one on the first food companies in the country and showed new methods in this sector. When he made a fortune he returned to Italy. When he goes back his rang in Turin go to town advisor. By his education Giuseppe is an translator. In 1875 he is married for Marianna Orazzi. In 1876 their first son Giovanni is born.He love the education, humanities and the Greek language. In 1879 their daughter Margherita was born. Unfortunately, she died in 1894. In 1881 their third child Vincenzo Lancia was born. Their second daughter was born at 1884 - Anna Maria later Anna Maria-Giacobinni. The Lancia family on that time was important for Turin. The members of the family likes to go on opera and theater. In the free time The Lancias like to spend their time at a ville near Turin.

Automotive
Current models

Lancia Ypsilon
Main article: Lancia Ypsilon
The Ypsilon is a supermini car produced from 2011, It is based on an updated Fiat 500 platform. In the United Kingdom and Ireland, it is sold as the Chrysler Ypsilon.

Lancia Delta
Main article: Lancia Delta
A small family car unveiled at the 2008 Geneva Motor Show. Using stretched version of Fiat C-platform. Available as five-door hatchback. In the United Kingdom and Ireland, it is sold as the Chrysler Delta.

Lancia Thema
Main article: Chrysler 300
An executive car unveiled in 2011, which is a re-branded second generation Chrysler 300, and replaced the Thesis. It re–uses the name from the 1984–94 Thema. In the United Kingdom and Ireland, it is sold as the Chrysler 300.

Lancia Voyager
Main article: Chrysler Town & Country
A large MPV unveiled in 2011, which is based on the Chrysler Town & Country. In the United Kingdom and Ireland, it is sold as the Chrysler Grand Voyager.

Export markets
January 2014, Sergio Marchionne, CEO of Fiat, announced that Lancia won't export cars anymore, making Italy the only market where Lancia would be available.[citation needed]

United States
While some models had been imported on a small scale in the 1950s and 1960s, Lancias were officially sold in the United States from 1975. Sales were comparatively slow and the range was withdrawn at the same time as Fiat in 1982.

In 2009, following Fiat's acquisition of a stake in United States-based Chrysler and part of Chrysler's restructuring plans, it was stated that Fiat plans for the Chrysler brand and Lancia to codevelop products, with some vehicles being shared. Olivier Francois, Lancia's CEO, took over as CEO of the Chrysler division in October 2009. Fiat has also stated that, depending on the market, some Chrysler cars will be sold as Lancias and vice versa. Francois plans to reestablish the Chrysler brand as an upscale brand, a position somewhat muddied after the Plymouth brand was discontinued.At the 2010 Detroit Auto Show, a Chrysler-badged Lancia Delta was on display, but this has not resulted in sales in the USA, with proposals to modify an Alfa Romeo being considered instead for sale by 2013.

United Kingdom
Lancia's reputation was significantly undermined in 1980, when defective Lancia Beta models, suffering from significant suspension sub-frame corrosion problems were purchased back from owners by the company in a highly publicised campaign. These cars were subsequently crushed. The brand never recovered from the damage inflicted during the Beta recall, and combined with a range of related factors, including poor residual values which made their range uncompetitive, decided to withdraw from the RHD market.The last model be sold in the United Kingdom was the Delta, boosted by its rallying reputation, withdrawn from sale in 1995.

There have been rumours suggesting Lancia's return to the United Kingdom almost continually, since 1995, these have always been credible; with Lancia models sharing common parts with Fiat and Alfa Romeo models, sold in the United Kingdom, and the existing Fiat or Alfa Romeo dealerships able to import, sell and maintain all Lancia models, there would be no major difficulty or expense in re-establishing the brand in the United Kingdom. Fiat cancelled Lancia's United Kingdom relaunch due to financial concerns in 2008, at the start of the global recession and the financial crisis.

In 2011, Lancia Ypsilon and Delta models were eventually re–introduced to the United Kingdom, but were re–branded as Chrysler models. The Delta model was then dropped from Chrysler's line up in 2014.

Sports car racing
During Lancia's dominance of rallying, the company also expanded into sports cars in the late 1970s until the mid-1980s. Originally running the Stratos HF in Group 4, as well as a brief interlude with a rare Group 5 version, the car was replaced with the successful Beta Montecarlo Turbo winning the FIA's 1980 World Championship for Makes and 1981 World Endurance Championship for Makes and the 1980 Deutsche Rennsport Meisterschaft.

n 1982 the team moved up to Group 6 with the LC1 Spyder, followed by the Group C LC2 coupwhich featured a Ferrari powerplant in 1983. The LC2 was a match for the standard-setting Porsche 956 in terms of raw speed, securing 13 pole positions over its lifetime, however its results were hampered by poor reliability and fuel economy and it only managed to win three European and World Endurance Championship races. The team's inability to compete against the dominant Porsche 956 and 962 sports cars led it to drop out of sportscar racing at the end of 1986 in order to concentrate on rallying, although private teams continued to enter LC2s with declining results until the early 1990s.

Titles

  • 1979 World Championship for Makes (under 2-litre division)
  • 1980 World Championship for Makes (overall)
  • 1981 World Endurance Championship for Makes (overall)
  • 1980 Deutsche Rennsport Meisterschaft

Commercial vehicles
Lancia produced a wide range of vans, trucks, buses and military vehicles from the beginning, forming Lancia Veicoli Industriali in 1912. Lancia slowly withdrew from the commercial sectors during the late 1960s and production of commercial vehicles ended in the early 1970s, shortly after Fiat's takeover of the company, with some models transferred to Iveco.

Vans

  • 1950 Lancia Beta
  • 1953 Lancia Appia Furgoncino (van), Camioncino (pick-up)
  • 1959 Lancia Jolly (1959)
  • 1963 Lancia Super Jolly

Buses

  • 1919 Lancia Eptaiota
  • 1920 Lancia Trijota (bus)
  • 1922 Lancia Tetraiota
  • 1925 Lancia Pentaiota
  • 1928 Lancia Omicron
  • 1934 Lancia Ro (bus)
  • 1951 Lancia Esatau (bus)
  • 1961 Lancia Esagamma (bus)
  • Trolleybuses[edit]
  • 1951 Lancia Esatau Pistoiesi
  • 1956 Lancia Esatau Piaggio Ansaldo
  • 1961 Lancia Esatau V.11 (trolleybus)
  • 1966 Lancia Diafa trolleybus
  • 1967 Lancia Bimax
  • 1968 Lancia Bimax F600
  • 1968 Lancia Pistoiesi
  • 1969 Lancia Menarini Monocar
  • 1969 Lancia Esatau P Casaro
  • Military vehicles[edit]
  • Lancia IZM (1912) armored vehicle
  • Lancia 3 RO (1938)
  • Lancia EsaRo (1942) truck
  • Lancia Lince (lynx) (1942) armored car – a copy of Daimler Dingo MK I
  • Lancia 6Ro (1948) LKW
  • Lancia CL51 (Z 20) (1954) troop transporter
  • Lancia TL51 (Z 30) (1954) lorries
  • Lancia ACL 90 (later Iveco)
  • Lancia 506
  • Lancia 6611

Other

  • 1971 Lancia Amfibia
  • 2007 Lancia Bike
  • 2009 Lancia di Lancia speedboat

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